The Nazca Lines are a series of geometric shapes and zoomorphic figures etched into the sand of the Nazca desert south of Lima. The most famous drawings include a hummingbird, a monkey, a condor, a spider and a parrot. In total, there are around 70 plant and animal figures plus over 800 straight lines and 300 geometric designs.

The area surrounding the Nazca Lines was first excavated by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejía Xesspe, but it wasn’t until the advent of modern aviation in the 1930s that the figures were identified, since it’s impossible to see them at ground level. Dozens more were discovered in subsequent decades and, in fact, are still being discovered today. Since few other traces remain of the culture who produced these massive designs, the exact purpose and origin of the Nazca Lines has been hotly debated by researchers and a number of Nazca Lines theories have been proposed.

NAZCA LINES THEORIES

Solving the Mystery of Their Origin and Purpose

As one of the world’s great unsolved mysteries, the Nazca Lines have inspired a plethora of theories to explain their origin and purpose. These Nazca Lines theories range from the mundane (built as part of an irrigation system) to the downright mind-blowing (landing sites for alien spacecraft). Let’s explore a few of these Nazca Lines theories below.

Explore Nazca's Most Popular Tours